Paradigm Shifts, Historical Sciences and The Paleo Diet
Most readers know that the word, “Paleo” is short for “Paleolithic”. As a prehistoric time, the Paleolithic is important because it covers over 99% of human history. It began approximately 2.5 million years ago,1 with our first stone tool using ancestors, and ended approximately 10,000 years ago (exact time varied with culture and geography) with the advent of mass agriculture and its foodstuffs.
So, across the globe, our ancestors lived more than 2.4 million of the last 2.5 million years as huntergatherers. Hunter-gatherer type diets (like the Paleo Diet) are defined by this evolutionary template2 that humans evolved to eat over this vast amount of prehistoric time. As what now must be considered a new paradigm in health science, Paleolithic nutrition sets forth the idea that our genetically determined biology from the distant past plays a major role in determining the nutrition for optimizing health.
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