The Paleo Diet Digest
Just choosing the diet you want to follow can be a tough choice when there are so many options and opinions being thrown at you from the news, internet and your friends. So, if you’ve made the choice to go with the Paleo Diet® the last thing you want to now deal with is different answers to what the diet is and how to follow it.
Here’s the ten most common questions we’ve been asked by people interested in the diet but still trying to figure out what it’s all about. We’ll give you our take on each.
And yes, we’re sure you’re going to hear other opinions. Someone has probably already told you that ghee is Paleo or you need to drink milk to get your calcium. All we can say in response is that we are the originators of the Paleo Diet. Our founder, Dr Loren Cordain, wrote The Paleo Diet which defined the diet. So, while we’re always open to discussion and debate, when it comes to defining the Paleo Diet, we are technically the only ones who can give you these answers.
We truly hope this answers your questions!
— The Paleo Diet Team
1. Can I be Paleo if I’m vegetarian?
The simple answer is no. We are designed to be omnivores and there are essential nutrients that we can only get from animal sources. That said, we do understand that some people don’t want to eat meat for ethical reasons. We admire those choices and will always strive to help those of you to eat as healthy a diet as possible. To get you started check out:
2. How fast will I lose weight on Paleo?
It’s hard to say as this depends on your current diet. However, we don’t think of diets just in terms of losing weight, nor do we consider rapid weight loss to be healthy. We prefer looking at The Paleo Diet as a way of life and investing in your overall health. Achieving a healthy weight is just a consequence of eating a healthy diet. Here’s a few articles about losing weight on a Paleo Diet:
3. Are gluten-free grains Paleo?
No, they are not. All grains are excluded from the Paleo Diet due to their low nutrient density and high content of many anti-nutrients including saponins and lectins in many grains. Check out these articles to read a little more about grains:
4. How do I get enough calcium on Paleo?
The Paleo Diet® is nutritionally balanced, in line with the optimal nutrient ratios eaten by our Paleolithic ancestors. The only nutrient where the Paleo Diet does not meet the RDA guidelines is calcium, however, Dr Cordain has already demonstrated that those levels of calcium are not achievable on a natural diet. Yet our ancestors showed no signs of osteoporosis. Likewise, the recent increased rates in heart disease in women has been at least partially attributed to excess calcium intake. Here’s a little more information about calcium:
5. Is Paleo low carbohydrate/high protein & fat?
While it is a lower carbohydrate diet than a typical Western diet, it is not a very low carbohydrate diet. The bulk of the food you eat are fruits and vegetables. These contain plenty of carbohydrates. More importantly, on a healthy Paleo Diet, the focus is on eating the right foods and not on macronutrient ratios. Learn a little more about our thoughts on macronutrient ratios:
6. How will I get enough fiber without grains?
The best diets are about a mix of the right foods that provide the nutrients you need instead of looking for some “super-food” that’s high in fiber or some other nutrient. Fruits and vegetables, which are the bulk of your food on a Paleo Diet, all contain fiber and will not only meet your daily requirements, but provide them over the course of the day.
7. What is the Paleo diet?
The Paleo Diet® is eating the foods that humans have evolved to eat. Here’s a few good summaries of the Paleo Diet to get you started:
8. What to eat and not to eat on the Paleo diet?
Eat the foods that are most similar to the natural foods available to our hunter-gatherer ancestors. This includes fruits, vegetables, sea food, eggs, grass-fed free-range lean meats, and nuts sparingly. These also happen to be the most nutrient dense foods you can eat. Here’s a few guides to help you pick what you should eat:
9. How do I stay Paleo when eating out?
Planning is key. Look up the menu beforehand. Salads with grilled meats, vegetable dishes, and lean meats are good options. Most restaurants will consider your needs so ask them to exclude ingredients that are not Paleo. When all fails follow the 85-15 rule. Following the Paleo Diet 85 percent of the time will still allow your body to experience the metabolic and physiologic benefits it offers. This rule permits you flexibility to eat differently 15 percent of the time, or roughly three meals over the course of a week. All that being said, travel can be particularly difficult, so here’s a few articles to help:
10. Is ghee butter, goat’s milk, coffee, and beer Paleo?
None of these are Paleo, thought coffee is in a bit of a grey area. However, this doesn’t mean you can’t ever enjoy them. That’s why we have the 85-15 rule. Here’s a series of articles on frequently asked about foods that generally are not Paleo:
Coffee drinking revisited: its not Paleo but are there any therapeutic benefits?
The truth about the coffee-cancer link
Coffee: is it Paleo?
How Paleo is beer and mead?
The Paleo Diet, alcohol consumption and sulfites in wine, beer, and food
Gee, what’s the skinny on ghee?
Dairy: milking it for all it’s worth
Hormones in milk