Cow’s Milk and Type 1 Diabetes Excerpt
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease, in which immune cells (T-lymphocytes) mount an attack to the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin (beta cells), resulting in its destruction. As so, these patients have to rely on insulin replacement therapy to live. Although this disease has a genetic predisposition, as it happens with other auto-immune diseases, the interaction between one’s genotype and several environmental factors play a major role. In the last 20 years, several dietary factors have been implicated in T1D, such as cow’s milk consumption, vitamin D insufficiency and exposure to gluten (a group of proteins in a number of cereals, especially wheat, rye and barley) in early life.
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